Are You Stuck in a Food Rut?
You find a food that you love and then eat it daily, month after month, like listening to your favorite song. Sound familiar? However, the real question is, can eating the same foods year round have an effect on your health?
With the introduction of processed foods in the 1950s, the ability to transport food worldwide and the introduction of large-scale supermarkets, most foods are now available to us at any time of year. And though this may seem like a luxury, it has caused us to forget what it means to eat seasonally, and most importantly, it has deprived us of the many nutritional and emotional benefits of seasonal eating.
And let’s not forget about the burden that processing and shipping place on our environment (But that is a whole other discussion).
Seasonal eating often means eating what is locally harvested and this is good for our bodies, spirit and the environment.
Historically, seasonal eating was never a question. All over the world people instinctually ate foods when nature produced them. They would build their meals around foods that were harvested during their peak season and naturally customized their diets to meet the challenges of the different seasons.
For example, during the winter months when their bodies needed more warmth they would prepare heavier meals with root vegetables and animal products. Generally, more animal products were consumed in the fall and winter months when fresh produce was scarce. In the spring, as crops were planted and harvested, people would begin incorporating more fruits and vegetables into their meals, and then in the summer would consume a mostly plant-based diet. And the different seasons would also offer different flavors, textures, and aromas – as the saying goes, variety is the spice of life!
When produce is grown in its preferred season and under appropriate growing conditions it grows to its fullest potential and maintains all of its natural nutrients.
Produce that is shipped is generally picked prior to ripening so that it doesn’t rot in transit, however fruits and vegetables that are picked prematurely and held for a longer period of time have less nutritional value and flavor. Choosing fruits and vegetables during their natural growing season ensures that they are fresh and nutrient dense because produce picked at its peak contains more vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.
And there is something else, I don’t know about you but when I was a kid I remember the amazing sweet smell of fresh fruits and vegetables that instantly hit your nose when walking into the produce section of a grocery store. Today the smell is gone, along with most of the flavor! Have you noticed this too?
Of course having the ability to process and ship foods to regions not native to the product has made consumption of these products very convenient, but the question still remains – does this convenience improve overall health or hinder it?
And let’s not forget that there is also an emotional component to seasonal eating in that it connects us to the calendar and often to positive memories.
Recall how it feels cutting into a juicy red tomato on a warm summer evening or the smell of corn roasting at a late summer bonfire? Picture yourself walking through an apple orchard on a clear brisk day and then biting into the first piece of fruit that you pick from the tree. Is it tart, sweet or maybe somewhere in between? Maybe for you, it’s the introduction of the holiday season with family gathered around enjoying the comforts of being together over mouthfuls of homemade cranberry sauce.
Seasonal eating is also the foundation for many ancient medicinal traditions which view it as essential for health and emotional balance. If we eat according to the season then we are in harmony with our external environment and can adapt better to change, prevent illness and maintain a positive and peaceful state of mind. And a perfect example of this is with Traditional Chinese Medicine.
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been practiced for more than 2000 years and for the Chinese people of 2000 years ago, it was not hard to rise at sunset, go to bed at nightfall, and grow and eat foods as nature intended. In TCM it is believed that there are five elements that make up the material world:
These elements are all interconnected, much like the seasons, and have their own unique personalities.
TCM offers a holistic approach to health through its various modalities which include:
- Herbal medicine
- Qi Gong
- Tui Na (Chinese massage)
- Dietary therapies
Achieving optimal health is all about balance and harmony
TCM’s dietary therapy starts with foods having a temperature and an energetic property. The different temperatures are cold, cool, neutral, warm and hot, and energies are either predominantly Yin or Yang.
The foundation of TCM is the balance of Yin and Yang, represented as night and day, cold and hot and other opposing yet complementary energies. Yang represents movement and warmth, whereas Yin is restfulness and cold. So as a rule of thumb foods that grow in the sun is Yang in nature, whereas those that grow in the earth and darkness are Yin.
Yin foods are also generally soft, wet and cool, whereas Yang foods are hard, dry and spicy.
Knowing the energetic properties of food is very important for obvious reasons. If someone is suffering from a disease such as rheumatism, then eating warm foods would be beneficial. On the other hand, if someone is suffering from heartburn, cold or cool foods would be beneficial (More on this subject can be found: Food and Emotions from a Traditional Chinese Medicine Perspective and Frequency and Energy of Food For Your Health & Soul).
It is important to also take into consideration the flavors of food:
These flavors are associated with the various elements, network systems, and the different seasons as outlined below.
Spring relates to the Wood element and the Liver network system and is considered a time for renewal.
The Liver controls the flow of Qi (energy) and blood in the body and detoxification can be achieved through the movement of the Qi and blood. Spring is a time of expansion, upward movement, planning and envisioning the future. This is a perfect time for a detoxification, much like spring cleaning.
(Online Holistic Health always recommends that for optimal health, all food should be local, fresh and organic when possible)
Foods recommended for spring include:
Fresh greens and leafy vegetables should also be included.
Summer relates to the Fire element and the Heart network system and is considered a time for growth and ripening. The summer brings forth much energy and movement. Fire rules the heart, mind, and spirit.
It is recommended that cool foods such as salads and raw vegetables be consumed. Cool yin foods are moistening and counterbalance the heat. It is also advisable to eat foods with more pungent flavors. Foods that are recommended for summer include:
- All Fruits
Raw vegetables including:
As well as animal products such as:
Late Summer/Autumn relates to the Earth/Metal element and the Spleen/Lungs network system.
Autumn is a time for withering and slowing down growth. The weather is cooling so it is also a time to reduce the number of cooling foods you consume. Go for heartier ingredients and meals that take longer to cool. Food recommendations for late summer/autumn include:
Winter relates to the Water element and Kidney network system.
It is a time to hunker down, conserve and build strength for spring. Heaven and earth shut down. Kidney tonifying foods are important during the winter months. Food recommendations for the winter include:
- Dried foods
- Roasted nuts
- Bone broth
- Black and dark foods
- Red meat
Eating seasonal foods that you grew in your own garden, purchased from a local farmer’s market or that were suggested by a TCM practitioner will not only all provide great nutritional support but also emotional benefit.
So take a moment and think about your own eating habits. Do you have a tendency to eat differently during the different seasons? Take note of the foods that come to mind when you think about each of the four seasons.
Here are some more questions to contemplate:
- Do you find that you eat differently during each of the four seasons, or do you habitually eat the same foods throughout the year? How many processed foods do you consume?
- Eating fruits and vegetables grown in their natural environment and picked at their peak ripeness ensures that they are fresh and nutrient dense. Did you know that there were health benefits to eating seasonally and does this inspire you to eat more local and season foods?
- After reading about Traditional Chinese Medicine dietary therapies, why not incorporate some of the recommended seasonal foods into your diet and see how it affects your health?
- What questions come to mind when thinking about eating specific foods to maintain balance and harmony during each of the seasons vs eating foods picked prematurely, processed and shipped to distant destinations?
- Can you think of foods that spark an emotional response and how do you think that affects your health?
I’d love to hear your thoughts!